Elizabethan Era 1558 - 1603

The Tudors Era 1485 - 1603

Jacobean Era 1603 - 1625

Pirate Songs and Sea Shanties



Famous pirate songs, Facts & information about the Pirate Song

Fifteen Men on a Dead Man's Chest Pirate Song

The Pirate Song Tradition

The Pirate Song - the Sea Shanty

The Pirate Song - the Chantyman or Chanter

The words of the Pirate Song

The custom of singing, or chanting, various Pirate Songs was an extremely important part in life of a pirate. The pirate song was sung, or chanted, to accompany the hard and sometimes tedious tasks that had to be performed as part of the daily tasks of pirates. A pirate song would have been chanted, rather than sung, and the words of the chorus would have accompanied a heave or pull for a task such as raising the anchor on the pirate ship.

Chanter is the word from which the term sea shanty originated. It means to sing. The nursery rhyme' Sing a song of six pence' originated as a coded message used to recruit crew members for pirate ships. The surprising truth is that this innocent little rhyme, which dates from the early 1700s, actually represents a coded message used to recruit crew members for pirate vessels.

The 'Capstan Shanty' or pirate song accompanied raising the anchor of the pirate ship. The 'Short Drag Shanty' or pirate song accompanied raising the masthead or trimming the sails of the pirate ship. The 'Halyard Shanty' or pirate song accompanied raising the heavy sails of the pirate ship (Sails hung from wooden cross-pieces called yards - thus haul -yards or the Halyard shanty

Most shanties are call and response songs, with one voice singing the line and the chorus of sailors bellowing the response. For example the shanty boney. Long drag or halyard shanties were for work that required more setup time between pulls. It was used for heavy labor that went on for a long time. Capstan shanties were used for long or repetitive tasks that simply need a sustained rhythm.

Stamp n Go shanties were used only on ships with large crews. Many hands would take hold of a 'tug of war' style and march away along the deck singing and stamping out the rhythm. Life on a whaler was shorter than any other type of vessel, your life might be shorter on a pirate's ship, but the work wouldnot be so hard.

Specific types of songs were sung for certain tasks: short-drag shanties accompanied brief but hard jobs such as unfurling the sails. Pumping songs kept a steady rhythm for pumping water out of the bilge hold. Long-drag shanties offered a call-and-response format to energize the men through lengthy, intense tasks, such as hoisting a topsail.

While sea shanties originated on ships of many different countries, they spread throughout the seas. Shanties were used for the hard work aboard ships and sentiments in them were universal. They were not originally in the musical form we find them today, but chanted - with the chanter calling out words and the men calling out the chorus in rhythm to their work.

Some of the famous pirate songs are :-

"Shiver Me Timbers" & "Professional Pirate" - both culled from Muppets Treasure Island

"The Pirate King" - from The Pirates of Penzance

"Captain Kidd" - traditional

"The Last Saskatchewan Pirate" - The Arrogant Worms

   
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