Questions and Answers about Queen Elizabeth
What was Queen Elizabeth's childhood like?
Elizabeth was born at Greenwich Palace and was named after both her grandmothers, Elizabeth of York and Elizabeth Howard. She was the second child of Henry VIII of England born in wedlock to survive infancy. When Elizabeth was two years and eight months old her mother was executed on 19 May 1536.
Elizabeth was declared illegitimate and deprived of the title of Princess. After the disgrace and execution of her mother, Elizabeth's life was never to be quite the same again. She was probably far too young to be greatly affected by her mother's sudden extinction, but her lifestyle changed considerably. Later, she was stripped of her title of Princess.
What important things did she do as queen?
One of her first moves as queen was the establishing of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor. This Elizabethan Religious Settlement later evolved into today's Church of England. In government, Elizabeth was more moderate than her father and half-siblings had been. One of her mottoes was "video et taceo" ("I see, and say nothing"). Elizabeth's first policy toward Scotland was to oppose the French presence there. She feared that the French planned to invade England and put Mary, Queen of Scots, who was considered by many to be the heir to the English crown, on the throne.
What is she best remembered for?
Elizabeth's reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Sir Francis Drake. Elizabeth is acknowledged as a charismatic performer and a dogged survivor, in an age when government was ramshackle and limited and when monarchs in neighboring countries faced internal problems that jeopardised their thrones.
In religion she was relatively tolerant, avoiding systematic persecution. She was committed above all else to preserving English peace and stability. Her genuine love for her subjects was legendary. Only a few years after her death in 1603, they lamented her passing.
What was Queen Elizabeth's life like?
Elizabeth became queen at the age of 25, and Elizabeth declared her intentions to her Council and other peers who had come to Hatfield to swear allegiance. he inherited a bankrupt nation, torn by religious discord, a weakened pawn between the great powers of France and Spain. She ruled alone for nearly half a century, lending her name to a glorious epoch in world history. She dazzled even her greatest enemies.
Her sense of duty was admirable, though it came at great personal cost. Regarding her marriage, from the start of Elizabeth's reign, it was expected that she would marry and the question arose whom. But by 1570, senior figures in the government privately accepted that Elizabeth would never marry or name a successor.