Elizabethan Era

The Tudors Era

Jacobean Era

Tudor History Facts for Kids



1) Henry VII was the 1st Tudor King.
2) Tudors reigned over England from 1485-1603. The Tudor established their rule in England when Henry VII defeated King Richard the third in the battle of Bosworth field.
3) Rose was the family emblem of the Tudor family.
4) Henry VII married Elizabeth of York, who was the daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville. This marriage was essentially a settlement to firmly establish the Tudor control in England. It also brought together the Houses of York and Lancaster.
5) Henry VIII was the second son of Henry VII and Elizabeth who ascended the throne after the death of his brother Arthur.
6) Henry VIII had 6 wives. Princess Mary was born from his first marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Princess Elizabeth was born out of his second marriage to Anne Boleyn. Both Mary and Elizabeth later on ruled over England.
7) However, both Catherine of Aragon and Anne Boleyn were executed.
8) Jane Seymour was the third wife of King Henry VIII. She was the only wife who gave birth to a son who they named Edward VI, thus ending the long desire of Henry VIII to have a male heir to the throne.
9) After his death, Henry VIII was rested next to Jane Seymour in Windsor Castle. Edward VI became the King, but his rule did not last for a long time as he passed away at a young age of 15 years.
10) Mary of Scots became the 1st Queen of the Tudor reign. She was also popular by the name of 'Bloody Mary' owing to the numerous Protestant executions that took place during her reign.
11) There was thus a conflict between the Protestants and Catholics which lasted for several years.
12) When Elizabeth ascended the throne after the execution of Queen Mary, the Protestants had began gaining power. Queen Elizabeth was the Head of the Church and she ruled for around 45 years.
13) With the demise of Queen Elizabeth, the long tenure of Tudor dynasty came to an end in 1603.
14) Education was not very common although parish schools were set up in towns and villages. Boys and girls did receive some education. Boys were encouraged to study while girls were groomed since a young age to take care of the household responsibilities.
15) Punishments given to culprits were harsh and severe. The objective was to teach them a lesson and deter any further occurrence of crimes.
   
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