1451-Date of Birth: Born in 1451
Place of Birth : Genoa in Italy
Parents: Father – Domenico Colombo
Mother: Susanna Fontanarossa
1451Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, the son of a wool merchant called Domenico Colombo and Susanna Fontanarossa, the daughter of a wool merchant. Christopher Columbus had three younger brothers called Bartolomeo, Giovanni Pellegrino, and Giacomo. He also had a sister called Bianchinetta
Christopher Columbus Voyages
1470 The family moved to Savona and Christopher Columbus travelled the seas as a pirate, or Privateer, attacking ships belonging to the Moors 1476 Christopher Columbus swims ashores when his ship is sunk in a battle off Portugal 1477-1484 As a Sailor, Columbus makes merchant voyages from Portugal as far as Iceland and Guinea.
1479 Columbus marries Felipa Perestrella e Moniz, daughter of a Portuguese nobleman. They settle on the island of Porto Santo, near Madiera. 1480 Eldest son Diego is born. 1484 Columbus presents his plan to journey west to the Indies to King John II of Portugal but his plan is rejected. His wife Felipa dies.
1485 Columbus moves to Spain, settling at Palos in Andalusia.
1486 Columbus meets Dona Beatriz Enriquez de Arana from Cordova in Spain who he marries Columbus petitions his plans to the Spanish court but is refused any patronage 1487 Works in the service of the Duke of Medina Celi, Don Luis de la Cerda Columbus submits his plans to King Henry VII of England and King Charles VIII of France but again his proposals are declined
1488 Christopher and Dona Beatriz Enriquez have a son called Ferdinand ( 1488 – 1539), better known as Fernando 1491 Columbus again appeals to King Ferdinand of Spain for patronage but he was again refused
A priest called Father Perez intercedes on behalf of Christopher Columbus and pleads with Queen Isabella to fund Columbus emphasising that he would be able to convert heathen races to Christianity
First voyage of Christopher Columbus
1492- King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain finally agree to act as patrons to Christopher Columbus and provide money and ships August: He leaves Palos, Spain in search of the Indies on his ship which is called the Santa Maria. His son, Fernando accompanied Columbus. The other two ships were called the Pinta and the Nina Martin Alonso Pinzon commanded the Pinta and his brother, Vicente Yanez Pinzon commanded the Nina.
The three ships carried 120 men October 1492 Land seen by one of the Pinta’s crew and they land on Watling’s Island in the Bahamas, West Indies. The discoverers name the island San Salvador and Columbus believes that he has reached the passage to India and China
Christopher Columbus Arrives at Cuba
November 1492 Martín Alonso Pinzón, captain of the Pinta, deserts the expedition off Cuba. December 1492 Columbus arrives at Hispaniola.
Flagship Santa Maria sinks off Hispaniola. Columbus founds La Navidad.
January 1493 Pinzón rejoins Columbus.
Columbus departs Hispaniola for Spain in the Niña.
February 1492 Niña and Pinta are separated again in a fierce storm.
Sights Santa Maria Island in the Azores.
March 1493 Arrives at Lisbon, Portugal.
Niña and Pinta return separately to Palos, Spain.
Second voyage of Christopher Columbus
November 1493 Returns to Navidad, finds fort destroyed.
December 1493 Founds new colony of La Isabela.
April 1494 Sails from Isabela in search of mainland.
Arrives at Cuba.
May 1494 Arrives at Jamaica.
Returns to Cuba.
June 1494 Starts the return to Hispaniola.
August 1494 Returns to La Isabela on Hispaniola and takes up his role of governor.
1494-1495 Open warfare breaks out between the colonial Spaniards and the Taino.
March 1496 Departs from La Isabela for Spain.
June 1496 Reaches the coast of Portugal.
Third voyage of Christopher Columbus
1498- May 30: The Third voyage of Christopher Columbus from Seville, Spain, with six ships
Departs from Sanlucar, Spain, with six ships.
June 1498 Arrives at Gomera (Canary Islands); splits fleet into two squadrons. While one squadron makes for Hispaniola, Columbus heads for the Cape Verde Islands and a more southerly route across the Atlantic.
July 1498: Christopher Columbus arrived at the Cape Verde Islands, near Trinidad. He crosses over to the mainland where he discovers pearls
Christopher Columbus was the first European to land in South America but news spreads to Spain about problems in the Spanish settlements and Christopher Columbus is heavily criticised for its handling. A visita was ordered to investigate lead by Francisco de Bobadilla
July 1498 Departs from the Cape Verde Islands.
Arrives at Trinidad.
August 1498 Leaves the Gulf of Paria, arrives at Margartia.
Arrives at the new city of Santo Domingo on Hispaniola. Columbus resumes his role as governor of the colony.
1500- 24 August: Bobadilla lands at Santo Domingo. Francisco de Bobadilla believes that Columbus and his brothers consider themselves rulers of the new country. He orders their imprisonment, where they were harshly held in irons. They are sent home in chains.
Royalty, nobility and the Spanish people were horrified at these injustices and all privileges were restored to Christopher Columbus who proposed yet another voyage of discovery October 1500 Columbus is arrested and sent home in chains.
Christopher Columbus’s Fourth Voyage:
May 1502 Departs from Cádiz, Spain, with four ships.
June 1502 Arrives at Santo Domingo, Hispaniola.
July 1502 Arrives at the Mosquito Coast, modern Nicaragua.
January 1503 Establishes garrison at Rio Belen.
April 1503 Garrison attacked by Indians and abandoned.
Leaves Rio Belen for home.
June 1503 Sinking ships beached and abandoned at Jamaica, marooning crew.
Crew rescued from Jamaica after more than a year on the island.
November 1503 Columbus returns to Spain.
20th May 1506- Columbus dies at Valladolid.