Elizabethan Era 1558 - 1603

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Jacobean Era 1603 - 1625

Famous Polar Explorers

"I think the whole attitude towards climbing Mount Everest has become rather horrifying. The people just want to get to the top. It was wrong if there was a man suffering altitude problems and was huddled under a rock, just to lift your hat, say good morning and pass on by".

Sir Edmund Hillary

The Arctic region of the Earth is one of the most unique regions of the world. According to historians and historical records, men have explored the northern extremes since 325 BC, when the ancient Greek sailor Pytheas reached a frozen sea while attempting to find a source of the metal tin. Antarctica is the coldest, highest, driest continent on the face of the Earth, making it extremely appealing to explorers. In this section on Polar explorers, explorers of both arctic and Antarctic regions have been dealt with.

Famous Polar Explorers

In the Polar region, there are no trees, no rivers, no cities and very little life. Although technology has progressed much today, not all parts of these continents have been explored by mankind. It takes both courage and will to lead a journey to these places filled with thousands of ice pieces and ice like waters.

Some of the explorers of the Arctic region are:


Sir Edmund Hillary is a name no student will ever forget for his unbeatable achievement of conquering Mt. Everest for the first time. Hillary was born on the 20 of July 1919. He was a mountaineer, philanthropist and an explorer. He led the New Zealand section of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic expedition, in 1958. Hilary's section was the first to reach the pole since Scot, in 1912, making him the third man to ever reach the pole.


Robert Falcon Scott was born on June 6, 1868 and lived until March 29, 1912. Robert Falcon Scott's first expedition to the Antarctic was in 1901. But due to various reasons like lack of supplies and lack of experience, it was not a success. However, Upon his return, Scott was promoted to Captain, became very popular with the public, and wrote "The Voyage of Discovery" (published in 1905).

His Second expedition was in 1910 when Robert Scott started his journey to America on the ship called the Terra Nova. Though he along with his team reached the pole on January 18, 1912, but they were sorely disappointed to find Amundsen's Norwegian flag. All the travelers died for there were no supplies. They were found dead in there sleeping bags by a rescue party on November 12, 1912.


James Cook was born on October 27, 1728. He was also an astronomer and went on many expeditions to the Pacific Ocean, Antarctic, Arctic, and around the world.


Roald Amundsen lived from 1872-1928. Amudsen has a unique achievement of the first man to reach both the north and South Pole in his lifetime. He was also the first person to sail around the world through the Northeast and Northwest passages, from the Atlantic to the Pacific in 1905.He died as part of a rescue mission near Bear Island.

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