The term medieval itself portrays something feudal… having a Christian essence , ecclesiastical touch ; but the thing is , the art forms and the genre of medieval art was somewhat really different and interesting as that was a crucial form of expression of the artists and the hoi polloi in those staunch periods of religious , cultural and political orthodoxy .
Art was a significant means of expression, aesthetics, creativity and freedom too where confinements were few unlike other domains such as economics, politics or religion or other social customs and practices. having limited resources or technology never worked as a hindrance as medieval art mirrors colossal passion and depicts so much about their ways of life , the contemporary society , the then morals , values , practices , the state , the church and so on and so forth .
So summing it up, we can say Christian influence is clearly visible in medieval art. The major art movements such as the early Christian art , migration period art , byzantine art , insular art , pre Romanesque art , Romanesque art , gothic art , Norse art and so on and so forth is really gargantuan and projects the real societal currents of the past .
It sometimes echoes more than the written and documented pages of history. The medieval skill is inexplicable and the eloquence of usage of colours, measurements is magnificent.
Different Medieval art forms
Early Christian Art
This was also termed as the late antique art form and this period roughly lasted till the Byzantine period of art
Basically influenced by Christianity, lavish mosaics were made.
The churches have huge collection of such art which are really majestic.
Very conservative it was owing to the then religious winds but had that essence of Greek realism
Constantinople is the greatest example of this form of art
Revival of classical art form
Eloquent textile designs, embroidery, painting human and animal figures
Migration period art form
This was really important as this shows that people were on the move and were settling in the Roman Empire
The barbarian traditions are conveyed here
Coins, tombs, wooden carvings, using ivory using metals were in vogue
Islamic influence Art
Production of glass was a big change in the domain of art
The crusades brought in this amalgamation of art forms
The tombs, mosques were really majestic
Designing ornaments came into fashion then
In fact decorative items were also being manufactured
Hispano Moresque tomb and pseudo Kufic imitation of Arabic art are the greatest examples
Romanesque art form
Rise of monasticism
Massive structures of church, vaulted roofs, arched windows
Greatest examples are the golden Madonna of Essen, the figure of Virgin Mary
Gothic art form
Works were more secular
Based upon knightly heroism and courtly love
Medieval Art Significance
There are many other sub genres which presented us with the glorious and really beautiful pieces of art, innovative ideas to be emulated and important sources of history as well. Another very interesting thing was, having that effect of Christ the influence of Jewish art was also quite clearly evident.
Starting from paintings to sculptures, medieval art incorporated the entire domain of textile, buildings, tombs, church, intricate artefacts, ornaments and much more. In these days of state of the art technology people have become so tech savvy that those ancient implements and resources seem to us way tough to be used for creating such beauty.