Elizabethan Era 1558 - 1603

The Tudors Era 1485 - 1603

Jacobean Era 1603 - 1625

Martin Frobisher



Sir Martin Frobisher was an English navigator born at Altofts in Yorkshire. He made three different voyages to look for the North-western passage. They all ended at North-eastern Canada, around what we know today as Frobisher Bay.

On his second trip, Frobisher believed he had found gold ore and brought 200 tons of it back home and its value was misjudged and this encouraged Frobisher to bring more of it.

After several years and after smelting of the ore, it was realized that all the ore was worthless and that it contained nothing of any value. Frobisher was an English pirate and he often attacked French ships. Frobisher was awarded knighthood in order to honour him for his service against the Armada.

Sir Martin Frobisher endeavoured to go on three voyages in total. During Elizabethan era In 1560, Frobisher had arranged and decided that he would look for and successfully locate the north-west passage to China. Finally in 1576, Frobisher was successful in making his sponsors ready to help him in his endeavour.

Storms help in changing routes and the mouth of Frobisher Bay was reached. Frobisher decided to sail westward up and soon, in august of 1576, Baffin Island was reached and some interaction took place there with the native people.

After some accidents there, Frobisher returned homewards and reached London in October, the 9th. Along with other things brought by him, there was the ore which seemed to be promising. The second voyage was undertaken in 1577 and a return home was designed in the same.

The queen, having believed in the value of the ore, encouraged Sir Martin Frobisher consistently. The third expedition was the largest of all, containing 15 vessels altogether. This proved unsuccessful as well and a return homewards was arranged and the fleet gathered in Frobisher Bay to do this.

The ore brought back home by him was not at all of value.

In 1591, Sir Martin Frobisher went back to Altofts to visit his native place and married his second wife, Dorothy Wentworth, daughter of Thomas, first Baron Wentworth. He also became a land proprietor in Yorkshire and Notts but Frobisher was never meant for the country. The next year he took charge of the fleet ordered by Sir Walter Raleigh to the Spanish Coast and returned with a reward and glee!

Sir Martin Frobisher was killed due to gunshot in 1594, when he was engaged in battle and thus ended the life of one of England's brave sons who sailed its seas and protected the same. Frobisher's legacy consists of the Frobisher Bay, a central station, a Canadian territory and several schools and houses, all of which are named after him.

   
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