Bloody Mary Queen of Scots Facts: Mary I, Queen of England (Mary Tudor) is sometimes confused with Mary, Queen of Scots.
Who Was Mary Queen of Scots?
Mary, Queen of Scots(1542-1587) who is also famous as Queen Mary I or Mary Stuart was the daughter of Scotland’s King James V and his French wife Mary de Guise. Shortly after her birth in 1542, the king died, and Mary, at only six days old became queen. She then was the Queen of Scotland from 1542 to July 1567.
Queen Bloody Mary History and Early Life
After the death of her father, Mary’s great uncle Henry VIII made some provisions to bid for control of throne and Mary but her mother acted as a regent on her behalf and was saved.
At the age of five, she was officially betrothed to Edward, the son of Henry VIII. This agreement was broken by Mary’s Catholic guardians as Edward, being Henry’s son was of the Protestant faith. When this match was canceled, Scotland was attacked by England in many raids which then became popular as “The Rough Wooing”.
Then Mary was sent to the French court by her mother to be raised in the luxurious Court of France As her mother was French and Scotland had good alliances with France, Mary was betrothed to the French -Heir who was four years old.
Why was Mary Queen of Scots called Bloody Mary?
Mary, The Queen of Scots is also known as Bloody Mary. She acquired the title of Bloody Queen Mary through a series of murderous events, especially the murder of her second husband the Earl of Darnley. Darnley was behind the death of the queen’s Italian secretary David Rizzio.
While dining with the queen and five other people he was dragged from the table by Darnley and his associates. He was stabbed fifty-six times. The queen who was heavily pregnant at the time with the future king could do nothing.
Following an explosion, Darnley was found dead outside of a house he had been staying in. However, the fact that the body outside suggested that he was not killed in the blast but murdered.
Mary then married the Earl of Bothwell, another of the men that were involved in the murder of her secretary. This greatly upset the Scottish nobles.
Bloody Mary Facts
Mary was the cousin of Elizabeth I, despite being Scotland’s queen she also had a valid claim on the English throne. Following her marriage to the Earl of Bothwell Mary was exiled from Scotland as the Scottish nobility raised arms against her.
They forced her to abdicate the throne in 1567, leaving her to flee to England and seek help from her royal cousin. She gained her reputation as a ruthless plotter and schemer by trying to depose Elizabeth from her throne and take it, and England for herself.
Spouses and Children of Mary
Queen Mary (Bloody Mary) had married three times. Her first marriage was with Francis who was the eldest son of King Henry II and Catherine de Medicis in 1558. A year after his marriage her husband was crowned as the king. But in 1560, he died of an ear infection which left Mary just at the age of 18 to be widowed.
In 1565 she returned to Scotland which was now turned to Catholics and hence she felt an outsider there. Hence with the help of her illegal half brother James who was Earl of Moray, she managed to rule somehow.
Later in 1565, Mary married her cousin Henry Stewart who was the Earl of Darnley and grandson of Margaret Tudor. Hence when Mary merged with Tudor, it enraged Elizabeth Tudor. As Darnley has many cold-blooded ambitions, it created problems in her marriage life too. This resulted in their separation soon after the birth of their son.
Mary had only one child with Henry Stewart who was James VI, the future king of Scotland. He was born on June 19, 1566.
Her final marriage was in May 1567 to the Earl of Bothwell, James Hepburn. Mary, Queen of Scots (Bloody Mary) marries the same person who was the prime suspect in the murder of her previous husband. James desired to become a king due to which he also abducted Mary and captivated her in Dunbar castle.
As Mary married Bothwell just in three months of her previous marriage, it made the noblemen of Scottish rise against her and Bothwell both. Due to which Bothwell was sent to exile and Mary was imprisoned in the Lochleven Castle.
Bloody Queen Mary Legend and Death
When was Bloody Mary Queen Captured?
Elizabeth was unwilling to believe that her cousin was trying to steal her throne. Elizabeth was forced to have her imprisoned when Mary arrived in England. Mary was kept under heavy surveillance in order that the throne is kept safe. She was imprisoned for nineteen years before Elizabeth was presented with concrete evidence that
Mary was indeed plotting against her, as letters to Anthony Babington who was known to plot against the queen were intercepted by Francis Walsingham, Elizabeth’s spymaster. Mary was sent to trial in 1586 and was executed on February 8th, 1587 at Fotheringhay Castle.
Her son accepted his mother’s execution with calmness and later after the death of Queen Elizabeth, he was Crowned to the throne of England, Ireland, and Scotland in 1603.
Bloody Mary Queen Movie
Mary was still a subject of fascination for centuries even after her death. Many movies and short films are made based on her life and character. One such film was made in 1971 titled as “Mary, Queen of Scots”, that has actors Vanessa Redgrave playing the role of Mary and Glenda Jackson as Queen Elizabeth I and Timothy Dalton as Henry Stewart who was the Earl of Darnley.
Another Swiss-French movie that was based on the life of Mary was made in 2013. After that in 2018 movie titled as ” Mary Queen of Scots” starring Saoirse Ronan as Mary and Margot Robbie playing the role of Queen Elizabeth I, was picturized.
A T.V show named as “Reign on THE CW” was inspired from the life of Mary that was popular from 2013 to 2017.