Henry VIII was born on June 28th 1491 at Greenwich Palace. His father was King Henry VII and his mother Elizabeth of York. He was crowned king in 1509 at just fifteen years of age following the death of his father and was the first king to take the throne in an act of succession rather than as a result of a battle for some time.
Henry VIII Key Dates in History
Henry ascended the throne in 1509 at the age of 17. He was crowned the king at Westminster Abbey on 24 June.
Who were Henry VIII’s wives in order?
In 1509 he was married to his first wife Catherine of Aragon on June 11th. His second marriage to Lady Anne Boleyn took place in January 1533. He married his third wife Jane Seymour in the May of 1536; fourth wife Anne of Cleves in 1540. Catherine Howard, wife number five he wed in 1540 also, with the sixth and final marriage taking place in July 1543. King Henry died on 28th January 1547 in the Palace of Whitehall aged fifty-five years and was buried in St George’s Chapel at Windsor Castle.
King Henry VIII Timeline of Major Events
Henry’s time as king was not uneventful, as he had an active interest in foreign policy and was always looking for ways that he could make the country wealthier and stronger. He also made great changes to the religion of the country by declaring himself the Head of the Church of England and causing religious upheaval across the land.
What were the major events of Henry VIII’s life?
Major events in Henry VIII timeline begin with his ascension to the throne in 1509. In 1511 Henry joins forces with the Holy League against France, as such all males less than forty years of age were required to practice their archery should they be called into battle. 1513 saw the Battle of Flodden Field where the James IV of Scotland was killed and the Scots defeated.
1525 saw the completion of the building of Hampton Court Palace which had been commissioned by Henry. In 1531 the appearance of Halley’s Comet in the skies caused widespread panic as it was believed that this was the beginning of God’s retribution for Henry instigating religious reformation. 1534 saw Henry become the Head of the Church of England.
Other Events in Henry VIII’s Timeline
In 1535 the first full English translation of the bible was published. The Act of Union between Wales and England was completed in 1536. In 1539 the Act for the Dissolution of the Monasteries was passed and several abbots including those of Glastonbury, Reading and Colchester were executed for treason.
Thomas Cromwell was executed in 1540. 1542 saw the death of James V of Scotland leaving his six-days old daughter Mary queen in his place. Henry’s flagship, The Mary Rose; the first gunship of the English Navy sank in the Solent in 1545. Henry died in 1547 and was survived by his sixth wife Catherine Parr.
King Henry VIII Children
Henry’s children were Mary Tudor, daughter from Queen Catherine. She was his first child to survive infancy who also became the queen and rule until her death.
Elizabeth, who was Henry’s daughter with Queen Anne Boleyn was his second child. Although she was declared illegitimate and lived as a recluse, Elizabeth became the queen after Mary’s death and ruled England until her death.
Edward was Henry VIII’s only son by wife Jane Seymour. He succeeded the throne after Henry’s death but died at a very tender age of ten.
Henry VIII Death
Henry died in 1547 at the age of fifty-five. He suffered from gout and after an accident became unable to move without mechanical assistance. The accident also caused a wound which turned into an ulcer. He also suffered from stress and stress-related problems.
Henry was buried at the Windsor /castle next to his third wife Jane Seymour.
Who succeeded Henry VIII?
Henry’s only surviving son, Edward, succeeded the throne after King Henry VIII’s death, while Princess Mary and Elizabeth waited.