Brief Biography of Queen Elizabeth I
Queen Elizabeth I was the long-ruling queen monarch of England with a term of 44 years. Queen Elizabeth was born in September 1533 and remained the Queen of England until her death in March 1603 at the age of 69 years.
The reigning period of Queen Elizabeth was known as the Golden Age in the English History as the people experienced peace and Prosperity in this era as well the art in different form flourished to its maximum. Queen Elizabeth was the one who was responsible for the establishment of Protestantism in England. Under her reign, the Spanish Armada in 1588 by the order of King Philip II of Spain was badly defeated.
Even after being a successful Tudor, Elizabeth had faced many challenges and troubles in her final years of reign as the country was going through unemployment, inflation, failed crops which gave rise to riots, food shortages, and rebellion. Despite this difficult phase, she never failed to show her devotion to her people and country. She gave one of her most famous speech referred to as “Golden Speech” in the parliament in the year 1601.
She claimed the throne after the death of her half-sister Mary Tudor. Queen Elizabeth was also known as the Virgin Queen as she was never married. She considered herself to be married to her country only. Queen did not have any children as she was unmarried as well she left no descendants after her.
The son James I of her cousin and her rival Mary, Queen of Scots was then made the descendant to her throne after her death.
Queen Elizabeth I Family Tree
Elizabeth was the daughter of Henry VIII and her second wife Anne Boleyn.
Elizabeth’s father Henry was formerly the Duke of York before being crowned King of England in 1509. King Henry married his brother’s widow, Katherine of Aragon in the same year. Together they had six children though only one, Mary survived. Henry divorced from Katherine in order to marry Anne Boleyn, Elizabeth’s mother in 1518.
Henry and Anne had three children though it was only Elizabeth that was to survive. Anne was executed on Henry’s orders, leaving him free to marry again to Jane Seymour who became the mother to Edward, Henry’s long-awaited son. Jane died soon after the birth of Edward and Henry then went on to wed another three times, though there were no more children produced.
At the head of Elizabeth I family tree is Henry VII, her grandfather, and Elizabeth of York her grandmother, and the parents of Henry VIII, Elizabeth’s Father. Also at this level are Sir Thomas Boleyn and Lady Elizabeth Howard, also grandparents to Elizabeth I and the parents to her Mother Anne Boleyn.
Henry VII, formerly Henry Tudor, Earl of Richmond was born in January 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Wales. He claimed the title of King of England in 1484 following the death of King Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was crowned king in October 1485 within Westminster Abbey, where he married Elizabeth of York the following year. Together, Henry and Elizabeth had eight children, however many of them died while still very young.
Arthur, Prince of Wales was their first born child in 1486 and destined to take the throne as heir. Margaret Tudor was born in 1489, followed by Henry (Later to become Henry VIII) in 1491 and Mary Tudor was born in 1496. The other children that did not survive were Elizabeth, Edmund, Edward, and Katherine. Arthur, Prince of Wales died in 1502, shortly after his marriage to Katherine of Aragon, making Henry the new heir.
Siblings of Queen Elizabeth I
All three of Henry VIII children would go on to take the English throne, though not all of them were popular with the general population. Mary became known as ‘Bloody Mary’ through the ruthless way that she dealt with those of the protestant faith, as well as the number of people’s blood she had on her hands as a result.
Her brother Edward inherited the throne at only nine years of age and died of tuberculosis before he reached adulthood. Elizabeth was perhaps the most popular of the Tudor monarchs and had a glorious reign and was much beloved of her people. Unfortunately, she never married and never had children so the Tudor dynasty ended with her.
Half Siblings of Queen Elizabeth I
King Henry VIII also had illegitimate relation with Elizabeth Blount and they bore a half sibling to Queen Elizabeth who later came to be known as Henry Fitzroy.
Other Family of Elizabeth I
Elizabeth’s cousin Margaret Tudor became the Queen of Scots after marrying King James IV of Scotland and they had six children together, including the future James V of Scotland.
Mary, her other aunt became the Queen of France after marrying King Louis XII of France. The king died within the same year that they were married. After his death, Mary returned to Scotland in 1561. Mary was raised as a Catholic and was considered as the rightful heir to the throne of England by many Roman Catholics.
Mary then went on to marry Charles Brandon, the Duke of Suffolk. They had three children together. Later Queen Elizabeth jailer her in 1567 for many attempts of assassination. She kept Mary in prison for 20 years and finally got her executed in 1587.