King Henry VIII Religion: When the first Tudor king, Henry VII came to the throne England was a Catholic country. However, during the reign of the Tudor dynasty, there were two main religions in the country, as the reformation during the reign of Henry VIII
Introduced the Protestant religion to the country. Over the course of the period, there were many executions carried out on religious grounds.
Religion in England 1500s
Religion in England in the 1500s was still heavily inclined towards catholicism. Although a surge of religious reformation of taking place in Europe, England was slow to adopt the changes.
So, what was Henry VIII’s Religion?
Henry had been brought up a Catholic; this was the religion of England and one that he was devoted to. King Henry VIII religion only changed when he was not able to get his own way, subsequently throwing the religion of the country into turmoil.
The main King Henry VIII Religion in England at the time was Catholicism, but many people were feeling oppressed by the Catholic Church, is bound to hand over goods and money to the church every month.
The Reformation, brought about in England by Henry VIII released many people from the greedy clutches of the church and allowed them to enjoy their religion in a way that was not costly to their livelihoods. There were a number of differences between the old and the new religion.
The services were different as well as the format of the Bible that was used in services. The priests had different roles and responsibilities, and in the Church of England, priests were, on the most part, allowed to marry. The classification of sins was different, as was the style and decoration of the churches.
The Difference Between the Tudor Religions
One of the main differences was that where all of the services that were carried out in Catholic churches, were conducted in Latin; the Church of England conducted its services in the language of the people.
The common man could now better understand the word of God. Changing the language of the services made religion less elite, and more open to all.
Tudor Catholics believed that God himself had ordained the Pope and that the Catholic priests in their communities where a direct link between themselves and God. These priests were seen as devoted to god with no diversions such as marriage and children allowed to take them from their work.
Protestant ministers were ordinary people, they required no ostentatious robes. They lead ordinary lives, had wives and children and had a better understanding of the life and religious needs of the common man.
What Church did Henry VIII start and why?
Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Church and made the parliament declare him the head of the English church. He primarily did this, in order to obtain a divorce from his first queen, Catherine of Aragon. This breaking away from the Roman Church is one of Henry’s major achievements.
It consolidated his power as the king. However, Henry VIII was still a believer of Protestantism and, therefore, did not want to be perceived as one with Thomas Cromwell to Martin Luther who were also against the Roman Catholic Church.
Henry VIII Protestant Reformation
Henry was a devout catholic. He held prayer scrolls and fast to wash away his sins and shorten his time in the purgatory, which were popular practices at that time. He was strictly against the Reformation movement sparked off by Martin Luther and defended the Chruch. He was rewarded the lofty title of the Defender of Faith by the Pope.
He was helped by Thomas Cromwell, his advisor and Thomas Cranmer, a clergyman to build a strong case for Henry. Cranmer was appointed the Archbishop of Canterbury, who then quickly granted him the divorce. The Act of Supremacy in 1534 confirmed England’s break from the Roman Catholic Church and declared Henry VIII the supreme head of the English church.
Henry married Anne Boleyn who was a protestant. Cromwell and Cranmer were also protestants. Now, with both of them in powerful positions and a protestant queen, England began a journey towards Protestantism. The Bible was also translated into English during this time.
Did King Henry VIII change the lord’s prayer?
Henry VIII added a doxology at the end of the prayer or paternoster. The rest of the Lord’s prayer remained unchanged.
Was Henry a Protestant radical?
No. Henry was neither a Protestant nor a radical. He was, in fact, a faithful catholic and retained his faith even after his separation from the Roman catholic church.
Forgiveness of Sins in Tudor Religion
For Tudor Catholics that had committed a sin, they believed that only the priest, the pope or God himself could forgive them; though this forgiveness came at a price.
Gifts were presented to priests in order that an individual’s sins could be absolved. Protestants, however, believed that only God had the power to forgive sin and that no bribery would see then absolved in their lifetime.
Catholic churches were highly decorated and filled with idols, believing that God in all his glory should be celebrated as much as possible.
Protestant churches were plain and simple; it was thought that without elaborate and ornate diversions the congregation would be better able to concentrate on the sermon being delivered to them.