The Jacobean era had borrowed a lot of things from the Elizabethan era. During the early years of the Jacobean period, the architectural influence of the Elizabethan period was clearly visible. Jacobean period can be regarded as the second half of the Renaissance architecture.
Jacobean era architecture essentially comprised of elements like flat roofs, windows bay with mullioned windows, gables, long gallery, Tudor arches, etc. In most of the houses, the traditional entrance hall was built in such a way that it was perpendicular to the entrance of the building. Wooden staircases were also a crucial feature of the Jacobean houses.
One distinct feature of the Jacobean architecture was the use of columns. Another interesting Jacobean architectural element was the carved interiors of the buildings. The carved interiors were also known as strapwork and drew their influence from the French and Flemish architecture. Jacobean architecture was under direct influence from foreign architects. The Jacobean architects blended the foreign concepts with the traditional English versions to create the beautiful architectural monuments.
Inigo Jones was one of the notable figures who contribution brought in certain modifications in the way in which architecture was perceived during this period. He was extremely inspired by the Italian architectural style. Inigo Jones introduced a new style of architecture which was very different from the traditional Jacobean architecture.
During this period, a specific and consistent style of architecture had evolved. Jacobean architects were influenced by the Italian, French, German and Flemish architectural style and used them in their own creations.
Some of the best examples of Jacobean architecture are the Audley End house, Northumberland House (which was demolished in 1874) and Hatfield House.
Front view of Audley End house which is a fine example of Jacobean era architecture
Audley End house Folly Temple
Audley End house Aerial view
Example of Jacobean era architecture near London: Hatfield house